Having breasts that are larger than normal and sagging can cause physical discomforts such as bra strap grooves on the shoulders, rashes beneath the breasts, as well as chronic back, neck, and shoulder pain. It also negatively impacts a person’s daily life. The goal of breast reduction surgery is to reduce the breast size to a normal range, reposition the nipple to an appropriate position, and create an aesthetically pleasing shape that maintains its form over time. The surgery is performed under general anesthesia and typically lasts around 3 hours. Various techniques can be employed in breast reduction surgery. If there is increased fatty tissue on the sides of the breasts, liposuction can be performed in the same procedure.
Breast reduction, also known as reduction mammoplasty, is a surgical procedure to reduce the size and reshape the breasts. It involves removing excess breast tissue, fat, and skin to alleviate the physical and emotional discomfort associated with large breasts.
Suitable candidates for breast reduction are individuals who have disproportionately large breasts that cause physical discomfort such as back, neck, or shoulder pain, skin irritation, difficulty finding properly fitting clothing, or emotional distress. Candidates should be in good overall health and have realistic expectations about the outcome of the procedure.
Breast reduction surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon makes incisions on the breasts, usually around the areola and extending vertically downward to the breast crease, and sometimes horizontally along the breast crease. Excess breast tissue, fat, and skin are then removed, and the remaining breast tissue is reshaped and lifted to achieve a more proportionate and aesthetically pleasing result. The incisions are closed with sutures.
The recovery process after breast reduction can vary from patient to patient. Initially, there may be some swelling, bruising, and discomfort, which can be managed with pain medication and proper rest. A surgical bra or compression garment may be recommended to support the breasts during the healing process. Most patients can resume light activities within a week or two, but it may take several weeks to fully recover and return to normal physical activities.
As with any surgical procedure, there are risks and potential complications associated with breast reduction. These can include infection, bleeding, adverse reactions to anesthesia, scarring, changes in nipple sensation, asymmetry, difficulty breastfeeding, and dissatisfaction with the results. It’s important to discuss potential risks and complications with your surgeon and carefully follow their pre- and post-operative instructions for optimal healing and results.